In science an experiment is a method of testing-with the goal of explaining-the nature of reality. Experiments can be personal and informal or they can be highly controlled. In either case, they always rely on repeatable procedures and logical analysis of the results.
When one studies how Gandhi employed nonviolent direct action to transform personal and social conflicts, it is vital to understand that he saw himself as an experimenter who did not know the results of his efforts beforehand. This produced in him a tremendous capacity for adventure, discovery, pragmatism and humility. In his heart and mind he was aware of his own moral ignorance and lived happily on the same plane of humanity as everyone else.
Furthermore, Gandhi grasped how all experimenters have a unique worldview that perceives and transduces data through an egocentric lens. Although he did state that it was his goal to "reduce his selfhood to zero," he intuitively knew that results are never final. Experiments may produce new and exciting information about the nature of reality, but this information is only valuable if it can aid future experimentations. Knowledge is always in a state of progression. As a consequence, every person is in a state of constant creative evolution. There is, therefore, an opportunity to learn from even your most agonizing enemy. This was the Mahatma's great insight as a teacher of applied social psychology.